Reports coming from WHO says that the deadly virus Zika virus arrived at the India, Ahmedabad right now and India’s first 3 cases of Zika Virus received attention in Ahmedabad

“These findings suggest low-level transmission of Zika virus and new cases may occur in the future.”

Zika virus disease has reached India, and he World Health Organisation (WHO) confirming the report of first three cases in Gujarat’s Ahmedabad has been noticed. The WHO authorized the conclusion of laboratory tests conducted in the country, saying that all three cases, including that of a pregnant woman, from the Bapunagar area of the city, became the victim of the Zika virus.

Zika Virus

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The disease is spread in the day time with daytime-active Aedes mosquitoes. The infection during pregnancy can cause birth defects for the newborn who is in the womb of the mother known as microcephaly–a condition in which babies’ head is abnormally small. It is characterized by brain damage can result in some of the major defects like blindness, deafness, and even seizures.

The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India (MoHFW) reported three laboratory-confirmed cases of Zika virus disease in Bapunagar area, Ahmedabad District, Gujarat State, India,” the global health body said in a statement.

India has strengthened its examination system from past years to detect and contain new infections. Only three Zika cases have been detected in around 50,000 tested so far, a senior Health Ministry official stated.

As per the WHO statement, routine observation detected a laboratory-confirmed case of Zika virus ailment via RT-PCR test at B J Medical College in Ahmedabad. This was further confirmed at the national reference laboratory at the National Institute of Virology (NIV) in Pune on January 4 this year. The WHO also said that two more additional cases have been founded through the Acute Febrile Illness (AFI) and the Antenatal clinic (ANC) surveillance.

Last year in the month of February a total number of 93 blood samples were collected at BJ Medical College (BJMC) in which a 64-year-old male had tested positive for Zika virus. “This was first Zika positive case reported through AFI surveillance from Gujarat,” the statement said.

Also, when a 34-year-old woman delivered a baby at BJMC on 9th November in 2016 she developed a low-grade fever after delivery. The woman had no history of fever during pregnancy and she did not have traveled even during the period of her pregnancy. A sample from the patient was referred to the Viral Research and Diagnostic Laboratory (VRDL) for dengue testing and it resulted that she was suffering from the Zika virus. “She was discharged after one week (on 16 November 2016). The sample was re-confirmed as Zika virus positive at NIV”, the statement added.

According to the WHO statement, immediately after the cases were reported, the Health Ministry focused on some guidelines and action plan on Zika virus disease and also it is has been shared that how this Zika virus disease can be prevented or controlled. It also constituted an inter-ministerial task force.

In addition to NIV and NCDC in Delhi, 25 laboratories have also been strengthened by Indian Council of Medical Research for laboratory diagnosis, while three entomological laboratories are conducting Zika virus testing on mosquito samples. “The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has tested 34,233 human samples and 12,647 mosquito samples for the presence of Zika virus. Among those, close to 500 mosquitoes samples were collected from Bapunagar area, Ahmedabad district, in Gujarat, and were found negative for Zika.

“The Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram (RBSK) is monitoring microcephaly from 55 sentinel sites. As of now, no increase in a number of cases or clustering of microcephaly has been reported from these centers,” the WHO said.

“These findings suggest low-level transmission of Zika virus and new cases may occur in the future,” it said further.

“Zika virus is known to be circulating in South East Asia Region and these findings do not change the global risk assessment. WHO encourages member states to report similar findings to better understand the global epidemiology of Zika virus,” the statement said.

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