According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), tobacco is the reason of the death for nearly six million people every year.
Tobacco as we heard harms nearly every organ in the body, which includes, heart, blood vessels, lungs, eyes, mouth, reproductive organs, bones, bladder, and digestive organs.
According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), tobacco uses kill almost six million people in a year, so around five million who dies untimely actually results of the tobacco they use. And it is the direct uses of tobacco are very risky for the individual.
Sometimes uses of tobacco can result in direct death and whereas more than 600,000 are the result of non-smokers being exposed to the concept called second hand exposing of tobacco.
Reportedly, tobacco claims one live every six seconds which result in the killing of some person. The current scenario of the tobacco using is equally scary in India with around number of tobacco users being 274.9 million.
According to the Global Adult Tobacco Survey India (GATS), about 163.7 million Indians use smokeless tobacco, well around 68.9 million people are smokers. Also, 42.3 million are users of both smoking and smokeless tobacco. It means around 35% of adults (47.9% males and 20.3% females) in India already addicted to the tobacco in some form or the other.
Tobacco products contain around 5000 toxic substances, and among this, the most dangerous constituents are – nicotine, carbon monoxide, and tar. Nicotine, a poisonous substance leads to addiction, and once people will get addicted to it it will become more deadly than cocaine.
Nicotine travels rapidly to the brain, in a matter of seconds, and also with its nature, it easily gets absorption with the mind. The side effects of nicotine can affect the heart, hormones and the gastrointestinal system.
Effects of tobacco and nicotine on your body
The effects of tobacco and nicotine can cause a serious damage to the human organ in the body. Here are some of the health problems which are having a connection with the tobacco:
Tobacco is associated with a number of cancers, like, respiratory tract, lung, upper gastrointestinal tract, liver, pancreas, kidney, urinary bladder, oral cavity, nasal cavity, cervix, etc.
The chemicals in tobacco can harm the blood cells of the human body which can damage the function of the human heart, thereby increases the risk for a heart attack, stroke, and coronary heart disease (CHD).
Smoking is the most common reason chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, which includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Smoking is associated with the attack of asthma too. And the smoking habit consecutively increased the of tuberculosis and death from TB.
Smoking during pregnancy can harm the mother as well as the baby. So during pregnancy, it is strictly prohibited to go for the smoking habit. The pregnancy complications which can result for smoking is, miscarriage, stillbirth, an ectopic pregnancy, smoking can also cause bleeding during pregnancy, premature delivery of baby and abnormalities of the placenta.
Effects on newborns and childhood
Maternal smoking is associated with congenital malformations where baby can become the victim of orofacial clefts, clubfoot, and atrial-septal defects. Babies born to smoking mothers having the danger of allergies, higher blood pressure in childhood, increased the likelihood of obesity, stunted growth, poorer lung function, asthma in greatly order.
Tobacco can also make the health conditions bad by some diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, kidney damage, eye Disease, dental disease – caries – diabetes, inflammatory bowel diseases, erectile dysfunction, etc.
31st May is touted and observe as the World No Tobacco Day (WNTD) organized by the WHO and partners focused the health and additional risks associated with tobacco use, and advocating for effective policies to reduce tobacco consumption.
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