Today, March 24, this is observed as World TB Day! This year the theme which the World Tuberculosis Day 2017 is to ‘Unite to End TB’ and this year WHO has placed a special focus which is keen to uniting efforts to ‘Leave no one behind’.
India has the highest number of tuberculosis (TB) patients worldwide, about 25 percent of all cases. In the urban areas the tuberculosis case infects more individuals per year, and in the rural area, the people who became the victim of “TB” remains infectious for the longer period, as per different media reports.
The Centre for Disease Dynamics, Economics and Policy (CDDEP) researchers has written and mention their study in The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. The researchers of the new study have developed an approach only in order to extent the disease of “TB” in India using previous estimates from different countries and it also understanding of the “TB” transmission theory.
The result of the study:
“Results show differences in urban and rural “TB”. While an urban “TB” case infects more individuals per year, a rural “TB” case remains infectious for appreciably longer, suggesting the need for interventions tailored to these different settings”.
“Simple models of TB transmission, in conjunction with necessary data, can offer approaches to burden estimation that complement those currently being used,” the study stated in the news agency PTI.
The difference in urban TB case and rural cases of TB:
An urban TB case will infect an average of 12 people per year but in rural areas one if someone became the victim of “TB” they remain infectious throughout the year and years so in rural areas the deadly disease called “TB” need to focus properly.
“We urgently need improved estimations of the burden of tuberculosis. To implement appropriate policies and interventions, it is important to understand the current extent of the disease, as well as transmission dynamics,” stated by the study’s co-author and CDDEP Director Ramanan Laxminarayan.
The study has been released just before the World Tuberculosis Day, on this 24th March which is observed as the world “TB” day.
This is the second year of the two-year theme, ‘Unite to End TB’, which highlights the stigma, discrimination, marginalisation which faces by people a victim of TB and this concept is also to overcome the deadly disease like “TB”.
As per various reports, the disease is estimated to kill 4, 80,000 Indians every year although the latest report says that the number of mortality is increased to 5, 00,000 a year.
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