Social intelligence would not include the feelings or emotions aroused in us by other people, but prominently our ability to understand others and react in such a way that in the end, there should be a desired outcome.

This also means manipulating the behavior of other people through how you behave with them. A person, who repeatedly acts politely even when he is put under tremendous pressure and stress, is most likely to win over the clients and persuade them for the desired outcome.

High social intelligence is possessed by those who are able to handle people well. Needless to say, the chief executive officer, the manager and the administrative head of a business firm or organization, needs to have such qualities to be the best leader.

Because it is they who are continuously dealing with people from different parts of the world, people from different culture, societies, and people having diverse values and perspectives.

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Adequate adjustment in social situations is the index of social intelligence. A person who easily gets aroused on trivial matters or a person who loses his calm over a small dispute can never be fit for dealing with people.

A person with high social intelligence is generally expected to have high reasoning skills. Because such a person generally reasons with words appropriate to the person and situation at hand and also knows how to deal with a person or give appropriate reasons to win over him.

Reasoning ability test examines the ability to draw conclusions from given information in business matters, of the candidates who have applied for the post in the organization. The reasoning is a cognitive ability by which we cognitively transform appropriate information in order to interpret something or arrive at effective inferences.

Taken in a formal sense, several reasoning factors are there that work together but they reduce our ability of effective reasoning. The reasoning is far more complex than it is thought or known as.

It is significant enough in the first stage, to draw a clear distinction between the formal reasoning and everyday reasoning. Informal reasoning, all the detailed and necessary information is already supplied, and the problem yet to be solved is quite straightforward.

Moreover, there is only a single correct answer typically present for the question, and the reasoning required to be applied in order to get to the answer is needed to be followed by a specific method.

This is however not in the case of everyday reasoning, because the latter involves planning, evaluating arguments, options, making commitments in different sectors of work- both professional as well as personal and weighing which option is more beneficial. Hence although the name might be simple, everyday reasoning is far more complex and less definite than the formal reasoning.

In every type of reasoning, since it involves some crucial decision making, it is usually carefully attended before undertaking any measure. One misses out on a single point of information, and your whole structure of reasoning will be messed up. And even worse, you might be losing some important clients and the project.

Needless to say, you need to be very attentive while reasoning with proper arguments, so that it may seem more natural and appropriate to the customers whom you are persuading.

Now here your social intelligence skills come into play too. Because how you talk to your client, and to what extent they are affected by your behavior and presentation, is greatly regulated by the social intelligence skills. Sophisticated deduction and induction are made possible by the hypothetical and abstract thinking.

The deduction is reasoning from the abstract and general principles to a specific hypothesis that follows from these generalizations. On the other hand, inductive thinking also known as inductive reasoning is a complementary procedure of silently and carefully observing a number of particular events or instances.

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Also, inferring an abstract or general principle to interpret those instances, on the basis of the former, falls under inductive reasoning.

The hypothetical thinking in this context can be attributed to the person’s thoughts of how things can be, and not in actual what they are. With formal operations, individuals usually shift from the practical world to the hypothetical world.

These individuals perceive things as they are in reality, but at the same time, they gradually become much more skilled at thinking about and imagining how things might be if certain changes took place.

This way the reasonableness of an absolutely hypothetical line of reasoning can be judged. Hence hypothetical reasoning is a significant part of the formal operational thinking. Cognitive development is mostly related to the major intellectual changes that take place in a human in their growth years. The ability of formal operations is the ability to think abstractly.

The capabilities of constantly learning new facts and acquisition of skills refer to the primitive processes that take place during our growing years and is gradually formed and shaped as we proceed to adulthood. The most common feature of the formal operational thought or reasoning capability is the ability of thinking, in terms of the abstract concepts and features that directly link the concrete subjects, actions or objects together.

Apart from abstract thinking, several other interlocking capacities significantly contribute to the formal operations. The hypothetical reasoning, the deduction and induction model, inter propositional logic, the reflective thinking etc. all are a part of it.

The inter-propositional logic explains that the formula operations involved the capabilities of a person to judge, whether the statements and conclusions are logically connected to one another, regardless of whether the former is true or false.

The ability to successfully utilizing inter propositional logic successfully involves the interpretation of the formal relationships among conclusions. This is one of the prime reasons for calling this particular domain of intellectual development as formula operations.

One who follows inter propositional logic is definitely focused on the logical relationships among all the propositions presented before him. In other words, this is a significant skill involved in formal operational thinking.

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