Parsi New Year: Navroz is the Parsi New Year, and the day is being celebrated on the first day of spring, as per the Old Persian calendar. Indeed but also Parsi New Year is being celebrated in the month of August as per another tradition.
Parsis across to settle in the India by following the Shehenshai calendar and as per this calendar the celebration of the Jamshedi Navroz or Parsi New Year is done in the month of August.
A handful of natives of Persia, took refuge in India in 7th century A.D after a mass exodus happened and they left their homeland. Those people were an avid believer and followers of Zoroastrianism, a religion founded by the Prophet Zarathustra in ancient Iran around 3500 years ago.
It was the official religion of Persia until the Turkish army invaded Persia, as well as took over the kingdom and its governance.
The oppressed Zoroastrians had no choice so they migrated and settled in the India, the home ground and birthplace of various religions and India welcome the Parsis people with open arms. The term ‘Parsi’ is applied for the Gujarati who is from Persian; it was on the shores of Gujarat, that they had their first encounter with King Sajan.
It was the King Sajan who gives refuges and shelters to the Parsi people in his kingdom, on a resourceful appeal by Dastur, their leader.
Parsi New Year or the ‘Navroz’ is amongst the most crucial festival celebrates globally by the Parsi people. At the same time as the Iranian calendar celebrates the Persian New Year during the spring, Indians and Pakistanis celebrate Parsi New Year by following the Shahenshahi calendar.
This is so as the Shahenshahi calendar, does not account for leap years due to which Navroz or the Parsi New Year in the Nation go with the flow ahead by around 200 days. The Zoroastrians of Pakistan and India rejoices this day as the Jamshed-i-Nouroz or the Parsi New Year which typically falls during the months of July or August.
The term Navroz is imitative and derived from two Persian words, ‘nav’ meaning ‘new’ and ‘roz’ meaning ‘day’. Hence, Navroz signifies ‘a new day’. As per the ancient Zoroastrian beliefs, the king of Persia, Jamshed ascended the throne on this auspicious day and inaugurate the Persian calendars.
A Navroz meal is a personification of the perfect feast. Households are decorated with colorful chawk patterns (rangoli) and torans (flower garlands) swing from the doors. The whole family is dressed in new clothes and then they visits to the Zoroastrian fire temple in order to show their respect to the God in the Parsi New Year day.
Dhan Dar Dar Patio (a simple yellow dal served with a spicy seafood pickle), Ravo (a milk-based dessert), Sweet Sev, Mitthoo dahi, Doodh Pak, Prawn Patio, Patra ni Macchi, Farcha and Salli Boti are some delicious cuisines which are religious includes in the Navroz feast.
One of the most important customs of the festival is to distribute boxes of Mawa Ni Boi (mawa sweet molded into a fish) to friends and relatives. As per believes of the Zoroastrians’ thinks that the Fish is a symbol of good luck and prosperity.
Mawa ni Boi is a sweet khoya and milk based dessert weighted down with pistachios and almonds, patterned in shape of a fish. The fish is an ancient symbol of fruitfulness and regeneration, and no wedding or navjote or birthday or celebration is complete without fish, so they serve special kind of sweet dish Mawa ni Boi is every menu of the festivals.
Even the chawk patterns outside the house on Navroz have many complexes with fish designs, symbolizing life and regeneration. Fish live in water, which is a symbol of life itself. Along with being the symbol of fertility, it is also a symbol of good luck for the Parsi community.
Khoya is also known as mawa, mavo or Khoa, which is basically dried milk and is actually uses for making various kinds of sweet dishes. So Mawa ni Boi is crucial food which being consume in the Parsi New Year.
It is readily available in many milk dairies, but Parsi’s usually make it at home, while some people also purchase it from the Parsi Dairy farms. The sweetmeat is lined with silver varq which is edible and gives a beautiful appearance to the fish shaped dessert and important food of this Parsi New Year.
The appetizing sweet is very easy to make. Just like any khoya barfi, this is required to molds the khoya with a handful of nuts and mold them lightly in fish patterns. Line them with edible silver, and flatten the top, after introduction and insertion it on the plate. Garnish them with more nuts, and enjoy.
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