One of India’s seniormost politicians and a veteran flagbearer of Tamil nationalism, Muthuvel Karunanidhi, widely known as simply Karunanidhi, died on the last Tuesday on 7th August at the age of 94.

#Karunanidhi: 5 Interesting Facts About Kalaignar

His death was officials pronounced by the Kauvery Hospital, of Chennai, where had been admitted from the past some days.

Karunanidhi is also popularly referred to as Kalaigner, or the artist was blessed to won a five-time chief minister of the Tamil Nadu, a southern state of India, first between February 1969 and January 1971, and most recently between May 2006 and May 2011 also.

He actually joined the world of Tamil politics as a colossus for more than a few decades, first in the shadows of popular leaders of the era, as a litterateur, and movie artist, and then the main father of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhakam party and chief minister of the Tamil Nadu also.


the state of Tamil Nadu itself witnessed multiple phases of nationalism, separatism, social upheavals, and subsequently moderation, at the period of the rule of Karunanidhi and he often turned to be a driving force of these varied impulses.

Karunanidhi: the flagbearer of Tamil nationalism and father of DMK passes away

Poet and writer turned politician and chief minister of Tamil Nadu for 5 times

Born in 1924 in Thirukkuvalai village in Nagapattinam district of southern Tamil Nadu, Karunanidhi dropped out of school and he enters the Tamil film industry after he completed his 10th.

He started his career as a screenwriter and poet in Tamil cinema even as hurly-burly intensified in which can be witnessed in the form of anti-Hindi and anti-Brahminism agitations. That Tamil political background was actually as per reports based on the rubric of the Dravidian movement that was headed by the iconic Erode Venkatappa Ramaswamy Naicker, or simply Periyar.

Karunanidhi joined the student group of the Periyar’s Dravidar Kazhakam party which started writing on ideas propagated by the group, which was very massive to give and bring back self-respect and social-economical equal rights for the backward castes and the Dravidian race in the general sense, Category, and sector.

Eventually, he turns to be very popular, both as a poet and a social rebel, sinking his feet deeper into politics. In 1942, he also started and unveiled a community newspaper which evolved into Murasoli, the official newspaper of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhakam (DMK) party which was formed by his mentor, Conjeevaram Natarajan Annadurai in 1949 post splitting from patriarch Periyar.

It was the strong influence of Annadurai, which propelled Karunanidhi, also encouraging him to use his movies as a medium to connect with the masses, which the DMK supremo did.

Karunanidhi won his first Tamil Nadu assembly seat as a DMK member, In 1957.

The crucial theory and ideology of Karunanidhi

Karunanidhi, like his mentor Annadurai, also crucially fought against the caste supremacy of the Brahmins, in the Dravidian worldview and viewpoints, were originally from northern India and had for millennia suppressed the lower castes. The movement was mainly organized in order to improve the socio-political and economic status of these backward castes in mainly Tamil Nadu.

An affirmed atheist, Karunanidhi was given to mocking Hindu rituals and gods, even once he mentioned the calling lord Ram a drunkard.

The Dravidian movement gives us glimpses of the idea of an Eelam—a pristine homeland for the Dravidian race—which was included in most of southern India and Sri Lanka. So strong was the quality of his ideology at one point that it even spawned support for the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, a radical militant group that was connected and pitch Sri Lanka into decades of civil war.

Tamil Nadu under Karunanidhi and his vital leadership

Under the chief ministership of Karunanidhi, Tamil Nadu witnessed multiple economic, social, and welfare programmes.

his government was the first to set up a commission for backward classes, in 1969. This was the idea and concept which also introduced the thought and notion of the free education for people belonging to specific castes and classes. Government jobs were reserved for women and the various self-help groups set up for their progress.

His party, along with its rivals, undoubtedly play a crucial role in making Tamil Nadu one of the most progressive and industrialized states of India.

Though, his governments were also embroiled in multiple corruption scams somehow reportedly, though all allegations were turned to be clear eventually and remove from his names.

But as per the various reports, this reported scam played a key role in ruining the chances of the UPA in the national elections which occurred in that year when the scam reports come in 2014.

on the other hand, Karunanidhi’s mere presence in the Tamil political scene gradually stabilizing impact and upshot on the state.

His signature white shirt and veshti (traditional Tamil formal wear), oversized dark glasses, and a bright yellow shawl were unmissable. In recent years, though, he was somehow bound to a wheelchair, but still he sometimes public appearances anyway.

Karunanidhi is survived by his wives Rajathi Ammal and Dayalu Ammal, daughters Kanimozhi and MK Selvi, sons MK Stalin, MK Alagiri, MK Tamilarasu, and MK Muthu.

While his legacy is likely to be inherited by his sons Alagiri and Stalin—the latter already being the DMK’s functional head—and daughter Kanimozhi, his reassuring presence will be sorely missed by his followers.

Actually, the departure of Karunanidhi in the heavenly abode leaves a massive vacuum in Tamil Nadu’s political psyche anyway which the modern history of India is being witnessed.

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