The massive festival Eidal-Fitr in Indonesia is known as Lebaran or Idul Fitri which is one of the major national holidays in the country. Lebaran holiday officially lasts for two days in the Indonesian calendar, although the government usually declares national holidays for few days before and after the Lebaran as a bank holiday.

Many individuals or families, especially Muslims take paid time off from their workplace the Lebaran days only to celebrate the festival with their friends and families.

Etymology:

“Idul Fitri” is Indonesian spelling of Arabic “Eid al-Fitr”. While “lebaran” is localized name for this festive occasion, the etymology is not clear now! It is optional derived word from Javanese word lebar which means “completed”.

Read here: Eid al-Fitr in Indonesia known as Lebaran

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Then the word “lebar” is absorbed into Indonesian language with additional suffix “-an”, thus it becomes a common vocabulary for a celebration when the fasting ritual is “finished”, or derived from Sundanese word lebar which means “plenty” or “many”.

The festival Lebaran means abundance of foods and delicacies served and offer to the guests; family, relatives, neighbours and friends during this festive occasion. Another theory suggested, “lebaran” is derived from Betawi, lebar which means “wide and broad”, so the celebration means to expand or extend one’s heart feeling after fasting ritual of Ramadhan.

Madurese people have also a similar word called lober which explains the completion of Ramadhan fast.

The term lebaran usually used specific to describe Eid al-Fitr Islamic holiday, however sometimes used to describe similar festivals and celebrations. For example, in Indonesian the term lebaran haji  Eid al-Adha.

History:

The Lebaran etymology was derived from Javanese word, and according to Indonesian Muslim scholar Umar Khayam, lebaran tradition was the result of acculturation between Javanese culture and Islam during the 15th-century. As per the Javanese traditions, the local lebaran custom and traditions of Idul Fitri was first started when Sunan Bonang, one of Wali Songo of Tuban in 15th-century Java, calls for the Muslims to raise the perfection of their Ramadhan fast by asking forgiveness and forgiving others’ wrongdoings.

The asking and giving for forgiveness during Eid ul Fitr is pretty much unique among Indonesian Muslims, and this custom is not prevalent in the other Muslim country like, Middle East, Indian subcontinent or elsewhere.

Mostly globally people wish each by saying Eid Mubarak or Happy and blessed Eid.

Lebaran day tradition and custom:

On the Lebaran day, after performing Eid prayer in the morning, people dressed in their new dress and greet their family and neighbours. It is common to greet people with “Selamat Idul Fitri” which means “Happy Eid”.

On this day they also enjoy the good, massive and delicious meal which marked the celebration of the festival Lebaran with the fullest.

On this festival Lebaran people in Indonesia also mark their respect for their elders and seek blessings from their parents, grandparents’, elder’s siblings and so on. Also the festival marks among the people to have a harmonious relationship with their peer group.

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