Chhath Puja, one of the most popular Indian festivals, is celebrated in full gusto across North Indian states – especially in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar and in some parts of Nepal as well. Also, several people celebrate the festival on their rooftops and ghats across India.
It is touted as the most important festival in the post-Diwali weekend. It is also being celebrated in the month of March or April also called as Chaitra Chath. It is celebrated by the devotees in order to say thanks to the lord Surya. In fact, Chhatt puja resembles a form of nature worship. The festival is observed as a token of appreciation to the Sun for sustaining life on Earth to every living being.
The arrival of a massive number of “Chatt Vratis” or devotees at the Ghats makes it extremely necessary for the authorities to keep the entire area clean and properly sanitised. Also the prasads for Chhatt puja made from the holy water of Ganga so its nearby areas are kept clean and properly disinfected.
How Chhath Puja Got Its Name?
Chhat puja is an ancient Hindu festival and falls on the sixth day of the month of Kartika (October/November) and so it is named as ‘Chhat’. This festival is actually dedicated to lord Surya and Chhati Maiyya (Usha, lord Surya’s wife).
This year, Chhat Puja begins on the month of April and will continue for 3 days or 4 days. The ritual started on the fourth day of Kartika month when the devotees took a dip in the holy water of Ganga River to purify themselves. This ritual in India is known as ‘Nhay Khay’.
Chhath Puja 2017 Vidhi & Argha Details
After ‘Nhay Khay’, people eat guard and rice for lunch. This custom is known as “louki bhaat” or guard and rice. And then the long fast of devotees continues when they don’t even drink a drop of water for the next 36-hour.
The third day of the ritual is the main day of the festival as devotees offer Puja to lord Surya. It is known as ‘Sandhya Argh’. As per its nomenclature, all rituals take place in the evening per se. Devotees stand in water for long hours to pray god for the well-being of their family.
The fourth and the final day, also known as “Suryodaya Argh” is the day to offer early morning prayers to the God. With this, the Chhath Puja ceremony concludes and devotees break their fast. Following this, the “Prasad Vitran” process starts as the devotee share “Prasada” with their near and dear ones.
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