Modern Israel is roughly located near the site of the ancient kingdoms of Israel and Judah. This area is also regarded as the Land of Israel and also Palestine.
Israel is also regarded as the birthplace of the Hebrew language, the place which is known for composing the Hebrew Bible.
Israel is also known as the land of Judaism and Christianity. It contains sites sacred to Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Samaritanism, Druze and the Bahá’í Faith.
The Land of Israel arrived under the sway of different and various empires which is also has been home to a variety of ethnicities but was predominantly Jewish from roughly 1,000 years before the Common Era (BCE) until the 3rd century of the Common Era (CE).
The adoption of Christianity by the Roman Empire in the 4th century led to a Christian majority that was long lasted for until the 7th century when the area was conquered by the Arab Empire.
It gradually became principally Moslem until the Crusades between 1096 and 1291 that was the crucial and focal point of conflict between Islam and Christianity.
From the 13th Century, it was mainly Moslem with Arabic as the dominant language which is the first part of the Syrian province of the Mamluk Sultanate that was the feature and part of the Ottoman Empire awaiting and until the British conquest in 1917.
A Jewish national movement, known as the Zionism, emerged and developed in the late-19th century (which partially in response to growing anti-Semitism) and Aliyah (Jewish immigration to the Land of Israel) increased.
Post World War I, Ottoman territories in the Levant came under British and French which control the League of Nations granted the British a Mandate to rule Palestine which was to be turned into a Jewish National Home.
A rival Arab nationalism also said rights over the former Ottoman territories which bring to prevent Jewish migration into Palestine, leading to growing Arab–Jewish tensions. Israeli independence in 1948 is also going to marked by the massive migration of Jews from Europe, a Jewish exodus from Arab and Muslim countries to Israel, and of Arabs from Israel, followed by the Arab–Israeli conflict.
About 43% of the world’s Jews are now settled in Israel today, which is the Jewish community in the world.
Since about 1970, the United States has turned to be a principal ally of Israel reportedly. In 1979 an uneasy Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty was signed, which was based on the Camp David Accords.
In 1993, Israel signed Oslo I Accord with the Palestine Liberation Organization, followed by the establishment of the Palestinian National Authority and in 1994 Israel–Jordan peace treaty was signed.
I spite of the efforts to finalize the peace agreement, the conflict continues which play a crucial role in Israeli and international political, social and economic life.
The economy of Israel was initially primarily socialist where the nation dominated by social democratic parties until the 1970s. Since then the Israeli economy has gradually moved to capitalism and a free market economy, partly keep hold of the social welfare system.
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