Because of the increasing temperatures and overfishing in the pristine and pure waters around the Antarctic can being witness reportedly at the end of this century that the King Penguins and their populations will be finished, the report is claimed by a new study.
The report, published in the journal Nature Climate Change, found that because of the global warming transforms the environment towards the last great wilderness 70% of the King Penguins can be either disappear or be forced to find new breeding grounds globally.
The Co-author Céline Le Bohec, from the CNRS/University of Strasbourg in France, said about this lovely and beautiful species King Penguins that, this “could disappear” if not the urgent steps will be taken for the sake of these King Penguins and their population.
This is very important for us to safeguard and protect this natural species King Penguins if we are keen to secure the natural growth and resources of the not only of the Antartica but for the whole world in fact.
“If no actions aiming at halting or controlling global warming, and the pace of the current human-induced changes – climate change, overfishing – stay the same, the species may disappear in the near future”, Céline Le Bohec said regarding the King Penguins.
The mentioned conclusions come prior to the growing concern for the future of the Antarctic.
On the last month, a separate study found which mentioned about the combination of climate change and industrial fishing is threatening the krill population in Antarctic waters, with a potentially catastrophic collision and impact will be leaves on the whales, seals, and penguins.
And as per this report, this one is the starkest warning for the potentially disturbing collision and effect of the human exploitation and climate change on the Antarctic’s tantalizing and natural ecosystems, which will obviously affect the lives of King Penguins also.
Le Bochec said: “Unless current greenhouse gas emissions drop, 70% of king penguins – 1.1 million breeding pairs – will be forced to relocate their breeding grounds, or face extinction before the end of the century.”
King penguins – the second largest type of penguin – is as per reports, a single kind of breed on this precise isolated islands in the Southern Ocean where there is no hoarfrost ice cover and easy access towards the sea.
This is so as the ocean warms a body of water which is known as the Antarctic polar front – an outpouring of a nutrient rich sea which actually supports the massive amount of marine life – is being pushed further south.
This means that the King Penguins that feed on fish and krill in this body of water, will be compelled to take a voyage further to their feeding grounds leaving their hungry chicks for the long period.
Let me tell you the distance between their breeding grounds and their food grows, scientists forecast that the entire colonies shall be wash out, which is not good.
Le Bohec, who led the study with Robin Cristofari from the Centre Scientifique de Monaco and Emiliano Trucchi from the University of Ferrara in Italy, told that the dilemma of the king penguin can be identified as a warning or notice about the prospect and future of the entire marine environment in the site Antarctic.
“Penguins, like other seabirds and marine mammals, occupy higher trophic levels in the ecosystems: they are what we call bio-indicators of their ecosystems,” she said.
“Thus, penguins, as sensitive indicators of changes in marine ecosystems, are key species for understanding and predicting impacts of global change on the marine biome, and on polar regions for species living in sub-Antarctic and Antarctic areas.”
The report further stated that, however, some king penguins can be able to relocate to new breeding grounds that will be must near to their retreating food source, suitable new habitats would end then.
“The main issue is that there are only a handful of islands in the Southern Ocean and not all of them are suitable to sustain large breeding colonies,” said Cristofari.
Le Bohec added: “There are still some islands further south where king penguins may retreat but the competition for breeding sites and food will be harsh, especially with other species like the chinstrap, gentoo or Adélie penguins, even without the fisheries.
“It is difficult to predict the outcome, but there will surely be losses on the way – if we are to save anything, proactive and efficient conservation efforts but above all coordinated global action against global warming should start now.”
The all environmental campaigners and the Scientists are pushing for the creation of the world’s largest marine protected area in the Antarctic. If successful the 1.8m sq km fishing-free zone then it can safeguard and protect some of the crucial species, like, penguins, leopard seals, and whales.
Experts stated that this can help mitigate the effects of climate change also, alongside, soaking up the massive amounts of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and locking it away in deep-sea sediments.
This proposal, that is backed by a range of governments and being championed by Greenpeace, presents before the Antarctic decision-making body Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) afterward of this year.
So it seems like now we need to seriously, think about the safeguard and protection of this unique kind of species King Penguins, which is unless will end towards the end of this century.
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