Each and Every minute, smokers get through nearly 11 million cigarettes for which 10 die from this habit, in an industry that generates billions of dollars.
Here are some facts and figures about the UN’s World No Tobacco Day on Thursday.
How many people smoke?
There are around one billion smokers in this earth, about a seventh of the global population, as per the World Health Organization (WHO) and other estimates.
China has the highest number: From its population of 1.3 billion, about 315 million are smokers actually consume more than a third of the world’s cigarettes, the WHO said in a report on last year, 2017. Indonesia has the highest proportion of smokers at 76% of men aged over 15 years.
About 80% of the world’s smokers live in low- and middle-income nations and 226 million of them are regarded as the poor.
On the decline?
In The Lancet medical journal, a study published, in April 2017 says the percentage of people using tobacco every day has dropped in 25 years.
One in four men and one in 20 women smoked daily in 2015, which actually go down from one in three men and one in 12 women in 1990, it found.
But reductions in smoking rates in some nations “are almost entirely offset by the increasing consumption in many nations with weaker tobacco control regulations,” says The Tobacco Atlas anti-smoking lobby.
These include poorer parts of the world, which is for the particular in sub-Saharan Africa. Tobacco use has decreased in some other places, like, Australia, Brazil and Britain, where anti-smoking measures include higher taxes, bans and health warnings.
The Electronic cigarettes have also entered some markets. France reports a million fewer daily smokers in 2017 over 2016.
In China, the Tobacco sales have even declined, down by 10% from a peak in 2012, as per the Euromonitor International market research group.
A high human cost
Tobacco is the main cause of preventable death, experts say. Active or passive smoking kills more than seven million people each and every year, according to the WHO, with tobacco consumption responsible for the death of on average one person every six seconds.
Cancers, heart attacks, strokes and lung disease are the main diseases associated with tobacco. Over the 20th century tobacco claimed 100 million lives – more than the 60-80 million deaths during World War II and the 18 million in World War I combined.
At current rates tobacco can be reasons of the billion deaths in the 21st century, the WHO says.
The Smoking is the reason which kill almost 6% of world spending on healthcare as well as nearly 2% of global GDP, As per a report of January 2017 study in the scientific journal Tobacco Control.
This amounted to $1.436 billion globally in 2012, 40% borne by developing nations, it says.
Profits and production
Around the world 4.3 million hectares (10.6 million acres) of land is used to grow tobacco, the WHO reveals, and an area about the size of Switzerland. Cigarette sales are worth more than $680 billion annually, as per Euromonitor.
China, the leading producer of tobacco is growing about 40% of the world’s leaves, says The Tobacco Atlas.
Five firms control 80% of the global cigarette market. The top six made a profit of more than $62 billion in 2015, this is reported.
The Smokers get through about 5.7 trillion cigarettes annually, stated by The Tobacco Atlas. This works out to virtually 11 million every minute.
The Filters made from non-biodegradable cellulose acetate which is making it’s the type of litter most present on the world’s beaches.
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